Today, the problem of using electronic cigarettes in many countries is even more acute than the smoking of the “usual”, and this story begins with the question of “authorship” of an electronic device for nicotine consumption.
In our time, science and technology have made great strides in the front and the time has come when it is necessary to replace even ordinary things like cigarettes with newer and improved analogs. The history of electronic cigarettes began not so long ago. It has about ten years. During this period, they actively strengthened on the world market and became serious competitors of tobacco corporations.
The first documentary links relate to a patent on an electronic cigarette registered in the USA in the 1930s by Joseph Robinson, however, there is no specific information that this technology was introduced or at least one prototype of an e-cigarette was made.
Thus, for the first time, the physical origin of an e-cigarette was laid in 1965 in the USA by Herbert A. Gilbert, certain parts of which were patented by him. His product did not become popular and did not find a broad response. He was also unable to taste the fruits of his patent since he was far ahead of his time, and his invention was very similar to the modern e-cigarette. Patents expired long before electronic cigarettes became widespread on the market.
In 1979, Phil Ray, one of the pioneers of the computer industry, in collaboration with his physician, began developing an electronic cigarette that could conquer the market (although in reality, this cigarette was far from electronic, it was based on the nicotine vaporization method). As a result, the first scientific work on the possible supply of nicotine also appeared.
Between 1990 and 2000, a lot of research and testing was conducted to develop a modern e-cig, but to no avail. Equipment and technologies also did not allow to achieve the desired result. However, in the course of these studies, new technology and the concept of “heat-not-burn” were developed, which are still being used.
During the same period, one sizeable American tobacco campaign filed a petition with the FDA for the development of an electronic cigarette (nicotine delivery device) and its market launch. However, at that time the FDA regulated the so-called. A non-tobacco drug delivery device, so a response was received that the idea was too similar to the medication delivery device, and this permission was denied. This actually turned out to be the promissory note, which for some time slowed down the further development of the electronic cigarette in the USA.
In 2003, in Hong Kong, the first e-cig was created. Pharmaceutical scientist Hon Lik is considered the creator of e-cigarettes. At that time, he was a simple staff member of a large pharmaceutical company Golden Draрhon Holding. Khon’s father was a malicious smoker, from which he eventually died. Overcoming the terrible and painful time of illness and the death of his father, Hon set a goal: to invent a device that could partially or entirely protect a smoker from the harmful effects of cigarette smoke, ideally such a device could help get rid of tobacco smoking, he was also pursued by the idea of allowing smokers, smoking in places where smoking is prohibited, while not breaking the law and not disturbing the people around them with the “stench.” In April 2003, 52-year-old Hon Lik patented blueprints for a “flameless e-cigarette with a spray.” He patented only a theoretical invention (drawings and description) since the manufactured device did not exist at that time. Also, his application indicated that none of the currently existing cigarette substitute products could deliver a sufficient amount of nicotine to the blood. His project made a splash in the company where he worked at that time.
A year later, in March 2004, the 1st industrial design of the e-cig vaporizer was issued, and the patent application for its production was filed. In May, Golden Drahon Holding has renamed Ryan, which means “smoke”. And in October of the same year, the company presented the first batch of e-cigarettes to its customers.
E-pipe series in its form was not at all like a cigarette, somewhat resembled a pipe for smoking. She was not very practical, significant and her appearance left much to be desired. But time passed and the manufacturers of e-cigarettes upgraded them continuously. What led their development to the species in which we are accustomed to seeing them, they have become much more compact and practically indistinguishable from ordinary tobacco cigarettes. Nowadays, anyone can choose an e-cigarette for his taste, any colors and shapes are inherent in the current e-cigarette.
China was not without reason the birthplace of electronic cigarettes is not even the fact that this country is technically developed. And the fact that China is very relevant to the problem of smoking because every second inhabitant suffers from nicotine addiction. Therefore, the issue of ridding the population of this dependence is most acute there.
As unique e-cigs became popular, the number of enterprises producing them increased. Back in 2005–2006, several companies submitted applications to WHO (World Health Organization) to certify their products, but they were never satisfied since testing of such devices can take decades. During the period of the influx of new companies into the development of electronic cigarettes, new fillers began to appear with different nicotine contents (from maximum allowable to 0). Nowadays, there are approximately 200 types of fillers for e-cigarettes. In 2007, a series of e-cigarettes V8 was released, this series was a breakthrough in the field of soaring (smoking electronic cigarettes), it could easily be confused with a real cigarette, its mass production was also established. In October 2007, a series was launched that imitated cigar smoking, but alas, this kind of hovering did not take root in society. Finally, in 2008, e-cigarettes arrived on the shelves of specialty stores around the world. The impact of electronic cigarettes on human health and is currently not fully understood. I would like to believe that such an invention will save many lives. And we will hear more than once about a man named Hon Lik.
About the author: Christina Matthews, the journalist who studies the latest news in the health industry. Now she studies the effects of smoking and vaping on health and reasons of such its popularity.